Questions and Answers

1. Oil production in the United States satisfies only half of the country’s needs; the rest is imported. If imports were cut off, what changes would you expect to occur in your lifestyle?

The changes in my lifestyle could be disastrous if oil imports were cut off. I am pretty suer that gasoline prices will skyrocket and this basically means that I will not be able to drive as often as I do but may have to rely on public transport which of course would also be high. Because of some of the government’s essential undertakings, they may plan to ration gas and this means that the cost of goods and services will increase as a result. Basically it could be very expensive to live.



2. Investigate how geophysicist M. King Hubbert predicted in 1956 that annual U.S. oil production would peak in the early 1970s (the actual peak occurred in 1971). Also, investigate the debate over whether the same predictive technique can be applied to world oil supplies. When do you think world oil production will reach its peak—or has it done so already?

It is widely expected that the global oil production will peak next year (2014). Scientists who predicated the oil peak used Hubbert’s method of calculation oil peak and added some modern factors including new use of new technologies, new innovations, the rise in use of renewable energy, and prevailing economic factors. Some scientists however argue that we have already reached the oil peak. The fact is that the discovery of new oil fields is on a downward trend while the use of oil is increasing each day.

3. Many hydrothermal mineral deposits of copper, gold, silver, and other metals have been found in the countries bordering the Pacific Ocean. Can you offer an explanation for this remarkable concentration? If you were part of a team of exploration geologists looking for large copper deposits, where would you focus your search?

It is possible that the pacific part contains the required hydrothermal mineral deposit features including a heat pump, suitable host rock for minerals, changes in Ph and Eh to cause minerals to precipitate. Therefore, this means that for the countries bordering the Pacific Ocean contain such rocks that are rich in the above minerals including the porphyries, sulfides and gold deposits. If I was a geologist prospecting for these minerals, I would want to know the type of  rock and the type of mineral being sought.



4. Given that we are now dependent on nonrenewable resources of energy and minerals, and that the world’s population continues to increase, how do you think human societies will adjust in the future? Do we have a resource problem or a population problem (or both)?

I tend to think that we will have a population problem in the near future as well as a resource problem. This is due to the fact that resources are always limited but the population is growing and soon we will overpopulate the universe. The limited resources will have to be shared amongst the increased population and will experience a big strain.


5. Some people think that sustainable development is not a useful concept, because it may be impossible to implement—or even to define—in the case of nonrenewable resources. Others think that it is an extremely important concept, if only because it makes us think about the needs of future generations in planning resource management. What do you think?

It is really a worrying trend as we continue to strain the limited resources we have while we continue to increase in population. My worry is that we may reach a situation that some people may not be able to access natural resources not only in America but the world over.