Nuclear power acts a major source of energy to most of the countries all over the world. Studies have been conducted to find out its impacts to both the environment and living things in general which makes it to be evaluated whether it a good source of energy. It will be realized that nuclear power has several advantages that are attached to it.
Advantages of Nuclear Power
First, it is held that a single power plant is capable of generating a lot of energy and requires fewer workers to operate it. This implies that the cost of its production is relatively low as compared to the other sources of energy. Reports also reveal that most of the power plants do not experience problems unless it originates from human error meaning that the maintenance costs are also low (Miller, 1995). Nuclear power plants can actually be sited anyplace unlike oil which in most cases is imported.
It will be documented that these power plants do not emit carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Accumulation of carbon emissions in the atmosphere is very harmful both to the environment and living creatures. This clearly means that nuclear power production is a suitable source of energy that does not lead to global warming and formation of acid rain. Consequently it produces little volume of waste to the environment as compared to the other chief sources of energy such as fossil fuels. Nuclear energy is much more reliable for the reason that it does not depend on weather hence it comparatively easy to manage the level of its output. Lastly, nuclear power reactors can be utilized to produce valuable radioisotopes that are used in agriculture, industries, research as well as medicine.
Disadvantages Nuclear Power
On the other hand nuclear power has some associated disadvantages that hinder its continued supply. The initial cost for building and designing a power station is actually too high as compared to those of other energy sources such as oil-powered station. The little waste produced by the nuclear power stations is radioactive hence highly harmful. This implies that the people living around the power stations as well as the workers are truly exposed to extreme radiation. The hot water which is discharged from these power stations results to thermal pollution negatively affecting the environment and sea creatures (Chang & Koay, 2009). In conclusion, nuclear power is much sounder to produce since as compared to most of the other sources of energy it helps in curbing the increased levels of global warming and reduces the chances of getting respiratory diseases that result from emission of toxic gasses to the atmosphere. Therefore its advantages by a large extend surpass the disadvantages hence its production should be put into consideration.
Chang, S. L., & Koay, K. C. (2009).Physics. Bangi, Selangor: Penerbitan Pelangi.
Miller, G. T. (1995). Environmental science: working with the Earth (5th ed.). Belmont, Calif.: Wadsworth Pub..