Questions and Answers

1. Oil production in the United States satisfies only half of the country’s needs; the rest is imported. If imports were cut off, what changes would you expect to occur in your lifestyle?

The changes in my lifestyle could be disastrous if oil imports were cut off. I am pretty suer that gasoline prices will skyrocket and this basically means that I will not be able to drive as often as I do but may have to rely on public transport which of course would also be high. Because of some of the government’s essential undertakings, they may plan to ration gas and this means that the cost of goods and services will increase as a result. Basically it could be very expensive to live.

 

 

2. Investigate how geophysicist M. King Hubbert predicted in 1956 that annual U.S. oil production would peak in the early 1970s (the actual peak occurred in 1971). Also, investigate the debate over whether the same predictive technique can be applied to world oil supplies. When do you think world oil production will reach its peak—or has it done so already?

It is widely expected that the global oil production will peak next year (2014). Scientists who predicated the oil peak used Hubbert’s method of calculation oil peak and added some modern factors including new use of new technologies, new innovations, the rise in use of renewable energy, and prevailing economic factors. Some scientists however argue that we have already reached the oil peak. The fact is that the discovery of new oil fields is on a downward trend while the use of oil is increasing each day.

3. Many hydrothermal mineral deposits of copper, gold, silver, and other metals have been found in the countries bordering the Pacific Ocean. Can you offer an explanation for this remarkable concentration? If you were part of a team of exploration geologists looking for large copper deposits, where would you focus your search?

It is possible that the pacific part contains the required hydrothermal mineral deposit features including a heat pump, suitable host rock for minerals, changes in Ph and Eh to cause minerals to precipitate. Therefore, this means that for the countries bordering the Pacific Ocean contain such rocks that are rich in the above minerals including the porphyries, sulfides and gold deposits. If I was a geologist prospecting for these minerals, I would want to know the type of  rock and the type of mineral being sought.

 

 

4. Given that we are now dependent on nonrenewable resources of energy and minerals, and that the world’s population continues to increase, how do you think human societies will adjust in the future? Do we have a resource problem or a population problem (or both)?

I tend to think that we will have a population problem in the near future as well as a resource problem. This is due to the fact that resources are always limited but the population is growing and soon we will overpopulate the universe. The limited resources will have to be shared amongst the increased population and will experience a big strain.

 

5. Some people think that sustainable development is not a useful concept, because it may be impossible to implement—or even to define—in the case of nonrenewable resources. Others think that it is an extremely important concept, if only because it makes us think about the needs of future generations in planning resource management. What do you think?

It is really a worrying trend as we continue to strain the limited resources we have while we continue to increase in population. My worry is that we may reach a situation that some people may not be able to access natural resources not only in America but the world over.

 

Source: AceMyHW.com

Nuclear Power

Nuclear power acts a major source of energy to most of the countries all over the world. Studies have been conducted to find out its impacts to both the environment and living things in general which makes it to be evaluated whether it a good source of energy. It will be realized that nuclear power has several advantages that are attached to it.

 

Advantages of Nuclear Power

First, it is held that a single power plant is capable of generating a lot of energy and requires fewer workers to operate it. This implies that the cost of its production is relatively low as compared to the other sources of energy. Reports also reveal that most of the power plants do not experience problems unless it originates from human error meaning that the maintenance costs are also low (Miller, 1995). Nuclear power plants can actually be sited anyplace unlike oil which in most cases is imported.

It will be documented that these power plants do not emit carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Accumulation of carbon emissions in the atmosphere is very harmful both to the environment and living creatures. This clearly means that nuclear power production is a suitable source of energy that does not lead to global warming and formation of acid rain. Consequently it produces little volume of waste to the environment as compared to the other chief sources of energy such as fossil fuels. Nuclear energy is much more reliable for the reason that it does not depend on weather hence it comparatively easy to manage the level of its output. Lastly, nuclear power reactors can be utilized to produce valuable radioisotopes that are used in agriculture, industries, research as well as medicine.

 

Disadvantages Nuclear Power

On the other hand nuclear power has some associated disadvantages that hinder its continued supply. The initial cost for building and designing a power station is actually too high as compared to those of other energy sources such as oil-powered station. The little waste produced by the nuclear power stations is radioactive hence highly harmful. This implies that the people living around the power stations as well as the workers are truly exposed to extreme radiation. The hot water which is discharged from these power stations results to thermal pollution negatively affecting the environment and sea creatures (Chang & Koay, 2009). In conclusion, nuclear power is much sounder to produce since as compared to most of the other sources of energy it helps in curbing the increased levels of global warming and reduces the chances of getting respiratory diseases that result from emission of toxic gasses to the atmosphere. Therefore its advantages by a large extend surpass the disadvantages hence its production should be put into consideration.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

Chang, S. L., & Koay, K. C. (2009).Physics. Bangi, Selangor: Penerbitan Pelangi.

Miller, G. T. (1995). Environmental science: working with the Earth (5th ed.). Belmont, Calif.: Wadsworth Pub..

 

Source: AceMyHW.com

Whistleblowing

Introduction

Whistleblowing refers to the act of exposing ills like corruption, violation of safety and health conditions in an organization by an employee of the organization. Due to many violations by organizations, whistleblowing has received a lot of prominence in the 21st century. This paper provides a solution to a given case analysis that explores the issue of whistleblowing in depth. The solution will provide a detailed response to the case by giving examples and sample responses to each of the five case questions.

 

1) Would you report this situation to anyone else?  If so, who and why?  

Yes, first I will report such a situation to my supervisor immediately especially about the machine that caused the sparks. I believe that by reporting to my immediate supervisor could be in protocol. An individual in any organization who is thinking on whistleblowing will consider among other things how best to raise the concern in the public interest for it to be addressed properly but at the same time minimizing risk to himself/herself. It is therefore important that before the matter is reported, the individual discusses the matter internally first using all possible and appropriate channels before resorting to go outside the organization. it is also important to check that the case is genuine (in this case the situation calls for action), who is affected and how they are affected, risks attached to misconduct, whether the organization has a whistleblowing policy, risk of professional disciplinary action, and whether there is legal protection for whistleblowing.

This is the reason for resorting to report to my immediate supervisor who will inform his seniors for action and if no action is taken, then report the matter outside the organization.

But according to some of the organization’s senior employees’ responses earlier, there is little hope that they will take any action and if no action is taken I will report the matter to Occupation Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) for safety of the other employees. OSHA has a Whistleblower Protection Program that enforces the whistleblower provisions and in turn protects employees who report various violations and malpractices in their respective workplace. Some of the rights afforded by OSHA include but are not limited to worker participation in safety and health activities and reporting of violation of statues. As Littlebury is violating the Workplace Safety and Health, the OSHA Act prohibits employers from discriminating against their employers for exercising their rights under OSH Act. These rights include filing a complaint, seeking access to employer exposure and injury records (Occupation Safety & Health Administration).

 

 2) If you choose not to report the situation, explain your decision.  

Because of the sensitivity of the matter, I will have to report the above situation to my supervisor and if no action is taken report it to OSHA or else I risk the lives of Littlebury employees. I better risk my job than the lives of several hundred of my relatives and friends who I work with.

However, there are many reasons of not possibly reporting the situation than not doing so. First, I need to understand well all the duties that are required of me to perform and if there is none that requires me to make a report on the nature of safety of the machines, then I back off. Karen should also do her duties according the duties out lined to her. If she obliged to give such a report, otherwise I have no mandate of reporting another person’s issues.  She may also opt to stop working at the factory to avoid waiting until a tragedy strikes (Bangladesh Factory Worker, n.d).

 

3) What are the possible consequences if you were to report this situation?  

Consequences are you may have saved untold lives. Another consequence is that the owners may be forced to close down the business for sometime or be forced to completely close it and may opt to move overseas. The cost of moving the operation overseas would be prohibitive and thus may result to a total shutdown. The owners can also get ‘hooligans’ to harass whistle blower or they can do it themselves by threatening to sack him. It may also take a longer time for the whistleblower to get protected (only if he is right) and may be awarded damages for the same.

 

4) What are the possible consequences if you fail to report the workplace condition?

I feel that it could be unethical not to report such a situation to the relevant authorities for action to be taken and save lives of many co-workers. If however the situation is not reported, there is the possibility that the health conditions of most of the employers will be at risk due to the fact that they will be inhaling the dust which may cause health/ breathing problems. Also, the sparks may cause a huge fire that will consume the business and even the lives of the employees.  If the report is made through Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), a thorough investigation may be done that will see an overhaul change in an organization that will lead to increased production, generally better working conditions and possibly increased earning (You have the right to a safe workplace, n.d.).

 

5) Let’s assume that you have reported the workplace condition.  Is this whistleblowing?  If so, would it be morally justified in this situation?

Whistleblowing is defined as the act of exposing a miscount, an illegal activity, or an alleged misconduct occurring in an organization. Whistleblowing has been growing in the recent past especially in the 21st century as more and more people report miscounts and dishonest organizations and employers who violate the law, corruption, or safety operations. An analysis of the above case shows that there is violation of the health and safety concerns for the employees working on Littlebury’s Wooden factory.

The act of Whistleblowing in the above scenario is very important as it could possibly lead to saving numerous lives and the whistleblower’s job in spite of the fact that the whistleblower’s work may not be considered whistle blowing. I think in this case it is whistleblowing but that is justified because of health and safety concerns. In the above case at Littlebury, most of the employers are willing not to report the case because of fear of the unknown or simply because they may not work for a few days but I think safety comes first and as such the whistleblower should report the matter to OSHA as soon as possible to avoid a catastrophe.  However, they are other options available to the staff like staging a strike and ensuring that they do not report to work until the place has been cleared of the impeding danger.

 

References

Bangladesh Factory Worker Discusses Horrible Working Conditions – SPIEGEL ONLINE. (n.d.). SPIEGEL ONLINE – Nachrichten. Retrieved August 18, 2013, from http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/bangladesh-factory-worker-discusses-horrible-working-conditions-a-899976.html

Occupation Safety & Health Administration. (n.d.). United States Department of Labor. DWPP. Retrieved August 18, 2013, from http://www.whistleblowers.gov/

You have the right to a safe workplace. (n.d.). osha.. Retrieved August 18, 2013, from https://www.osha.gov/workers.html

Source: AceMyHW.com

Case Study Development and Theoretical Explanation

 

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Name of student

Name of Institution

Case Study Development and Theoretical Explanation

Martin, a 45-year-old married accountant, constantly complains of back pains, anxiety, sweaty palms, and shortness of breath, stomachaches and dizziness. Seemingly, he has been getting these illness signs for more than four years with only some periods of lengthened reprieve. He furthermore experiences constant frustration, instances of severe muscle tension, restlessness, decreased energy, loss of interest, and also desiccation in the mouth but apparently he has been brushing off  or rather he constantly denies any feelings of depression and goes on to enjoy hobbies as well as family activities.

As a result of his symptoms and health complications, Martin has resulted in seeing his main care physician who is a therapeutic chiropractor and has been contacting manual therapy on him including joint manipulation and adjustment with specific focus on back pains and joint dysfunction. He apparently has received constricting diagnosis as well as treatment of which six of them have greatly helped.

Martin’s childhood was mostly troublesome especially after losing his mother at the age of seven and his father then resulted into alcohol due to the loss of his wife. He together with his sister were forced to go and live with their grandparents and their neighborhood was full of muggings and his fellow kids and classmates used to bully him due to his skin color. Although they managed to reunite with their father after the 12th grade, Martin has always borne those bullying and mistreatments he went through while young. He succeeded in middle school and therefore joined college of accountancy and passed with distinction and got a job as an accountant in a leading firm in the city. He has been having the above symptoms for the past four years and the only instances that the problem was absent was when he got a pay rise and promoted in his post to become the company’s chief accountant and also when his wife was announced to be cancer free after three years struggling with cancer.

Martin persistently worries on the subject of his wife’s health, his children as well as his father who is currently 61 years of age. He also imagines about disasters which could happen within the homestead and works out strategies aimed at avoiding them. His wife was diagnosed to have breast cancer three years ago but she received chemotherapy and luckily has been cancer free for almost a year now even though he always fears that the cancer could reoccur again.  He also worries much concerning his work performance and feels that he could be terminated at any time although his work reviews are excellent and do not designate any working problems. His coworkers always talk positive about him and praise him of how hardworking and visionary he is but Martin sometimes supposes that his workmates do not like him of which is not true.

Psychodynamic Explanation

Psychological theories usually present evidence-based rationalizations for the reason why people feel, behave and think the manner they do. Similarly, early experiences, history, and personality factors; along with interpersonal relationships are perceived as key factors in the origin of depression. For instance, psychodynamics is the approach using psychology which accentuates a methodical study of all psychosomatic forces which bring about human emotions, feelings and behavior and seemingly how they may correlate with early personal experiences (Berzoff, Flanagan & Hertz 2011).

Martin has had several symptoms which range from back pains, loss of interest, shortness of breath, dizziness, restlessness, decreased energy, to severe muscle tension and theorists such as Sigmund Freud came up with specific insights to explain such abnormal behaviors. Freud brought out arguments that people whose desires were not met up at some stage in the oral phase of psychosexual growth are mostly susceptible to getting depression in their adulthood stages since this causes excessive dependence and also low self-esteem.

Martin suffered loss of his mother when he was at a tender age and he was mostly depended on her since his father was a workaholic and wasn’t at home most of the times. After the death of his mother, his father turned into alcohol to simmer his loss and he was forced to go and live with his grandparents and in such new surroundings he received discrimination and was mistreated by his peers constantly. Freud argued that people are victims of their feelings, since displacement and repression are defense mechanisms towards a response to real loss which enables people to manage emotional turmoil even though such could outcome into depression.

Individuals who are exceptionally reliant on others are particularly probable to build up depression after suffering a loss. Rage at the loss is shifted onto the person, and this affects their sense of worth and causes them to re-experience loss time and again even though it occurred in their infancy. Freud further believed that superego or sometimes called conscience is central in the person depressed and this explicates the extreme remorse experienced by numerous depressives (Berzoff, Flanagan & Hertz 2011). Martin’s mother was involved in road carnage which saw quite a number of people lose their lives and his feeling of guilty has driven him to always worry about his family’s health and safety and imagines about disasters which could happen within the homestead and more so works out strategies aimed at avoiding them.

 

 

 

Treatment

Psychodynamic therapy is a viable treatment to Martin’s disorder which focuses on the unconscious processes which are noticeable in his current actions. The main goal of this therapy is for Martin to regain self-awareness along with understanding the influence the past has had on his present behavior. Therefore, the approach would enable him scrutinize his unresolved conflicts plus symptoms that crop up from his past dysfunctional relations which have manifested themselves in the fear for insecurity both at home and workplace. The psychodynamic clinician would make general usage of free friendship with the client in the hope that he would talk about whichever is in his mind and thereafter get the insight of the lost object or the hints behind the object will surface. Furthermore, the therapist would discuss with the patient the events which might have brought about the loss and endeavor to deduce the events. Such interpretations would provide Martin with a few insights into his self-anger and guilt and unlock his unconscious mind and therefore understand his loss and seemingly how he can handle present and future losses (Comer 2013).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

Berzoff, J., Flanagan, L. M., & Hertz, P. (2011). Inside out and outside in: psychodynamic clinical theory and psychopathology in contemporary multicultural contexts (3rd ed.). Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc..

Comer, R. J. (2013). Abnormal psychology (8th ed.). New York: Worth Publishers.